Bhardwaj Dental Clinic provides comprehensive diagnosis and personalized care for bite disorders, often called TMJ for the name of the jaw joint, or temporomandibular joint, which connects the lower jaw to the base of the skull. causes of a bite related disorder are many but there are a few common symptoms that most patients experience that indicates dysfunction in the TMJ. The goal of treatment is to first, ease the muscle tension or spasm in the jaw that is causing painful symptoms, and second, offer long term dental health and comfort by treating the underlying problem affecting bite function.
Common Signs & Symptoms of TMJ
If someone has any of these common symptoms of a bite problem, like
- Neck, shoulder, and back pain
- Clicking and popping, or pain while eating
- Jaw locking (both open and close)
- Jaw clenching and teeth grinding (day or night)
- Sensitive teeth
- Unexplained broken fillings or crowns
- Chipped, worn, or flattened teeth
- Teeth shifting out of position
Seeking early treatment can help to avoid tooth damage or muscle damage that may require more complex treatment to resolve.
What are the Common Causes of Bite Disorders
There is no single factor for TMJ disorder, or bite dysfunction.It can be caused by a wide variety of factors. Teeth grinding and jaw clenching are often a contributing factor.Many patients grind their teeth and experience TMJ symptoms as a reaction to stress, while others have bite problems related:
- Arthritis or other disease-related joint tissue degeneration
A thorough evaluation using a Doppler device and digital x-rays can provide a more accurate diagnosis allowing for more comprehensive and predictable treatment.
Treatment available for TMJ Disorders and Bite Problems
Thorough evaluation of the occlusal system is the key to productive and enduring treatment for TMJ related disorder. In many situations, treating only the symptoms without identifying and treating the underlying cause leads to a break down of oral health over time in many situations. Some of the best options of treatment may include:
- Mouthguard/Splint therapy: A custom mouthguard or dental splint is used to reposition the jaw in the absence of an underlying dental problem and to stop teeth grinding
- Restorative Dentistry: Bite equilibration can be performed using restorative dental treatments such as dental crowns and tooth bonding, if teeth are damaged, worn or not making proper contact.
Orthodontics: to resolve bite problems resulting from malocclusion, orthodontic treatment may be recommended to straighten the smile and relieve jaw tension.